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Sage

Culinary SageNative to the northern Mediterranean, gardeners are growing sage for its many culinary and medicinal uses.

Sunlight: Full sun to partial shade
Maturity: 70-75 days from transplant, 90-100 days from seed
Height: 12 to 30 inches
Spacing: 18 to 24 inches apart, 2 to 3 feet between rows

A member of the mint family, culinary sage (Salvia officinalis) is a highly aromatic herb with a subtle, earthy flavor. It works especially well with meats such as pork, lamb and poultry, and is often used in dressings or holiday stuffings. Use sparingly, as sage can be very strong and easily overpower a dish.

Sage is also highly regarded as a medicinal herb where it has been used over the years to cure a long list of ailments from broken bones and wounds to stomach disorders, shortness of breath and loss of memory. Pliny the Elder (23 – 79 AD), a Roman naturalist and philosopher, recommended using sage for intestinal worms, memory problems and snake bites.

An attractive plant with grayish-green foliage and beautiful purple-pink blooms, sage is equally at home in garden beds or containers. We recommend planting this hardy perennial with other Mediterranean herbs, like basil and rosemary, for a delicious and fragrant kitchen garden.

Tip: Try layering a bed of culinary sage on the grill and flavoring meats with its smoke.

Quick Guide

  • A must-have herb for pork, lamb and poultry and stuffing
  • Grows best from cuttings or divisions
  • Plant in full sun in compost-rich soil that drains well
  • Handles cold very well; add mulch for winter protection
  • Watch for slugs, spider mites, powdery mildew and verticillium wilt

Site Preparation

Sage requires full sun (tolerates partial shade) and well-drained, rich soil. Dig in plenty of organic garden compost or aged chicken manure prior to planting.

Flavorful and exotic, heirloom herbs have passed through kitchens and tea rooms for generations. And they’re easy to cultivate… try raising them indoors! Planting instructions are included with each packet and shipping is FREE!

How to Plant

Sage seeds store and germinate poorly. When grown from seed, sage takes about 2 years to reach mature size. Most gardeners start culinary sage from cuttings or divisions using the outer or newer growth.

If starting seeds indoors, sow under grow lights 6-8 weeks before the last expected frost. Seeds will take about 3 weeks to germinate. Transplant seedlings to the garden after all danger of frost has passed. Space the plants 2 feet apart and divide every 3-5 years to keep them vigorous (watch How to Grow an Herb Garden — video).

Sage is hardy to -30˚F, if covered. In winter, cut back the foliage and place a thick layer of mulch over the roots to protect them from freezing.

Harvesting

Cut leaves sparingly during the first year of growth; harvest as needed in following years. Sage is best used fresh but may be stored. Dried sage has a stronger and somewhat different flavor than fresh.

To dry, tie the cuttings in small bunches and hang upside down in a well-ventilated, dark room. When dry, remove the leaves from the stems and store whole. Learn more about Harvesting and Preserving Herbs here.

Insects and Disease

Slugs and spider mites are a few of the common garden pests found on sage. Watch closely and take the following common sense, least-toxic approach to pest control:

  • Remove weeds and other garden debris to eliminate alternate hosts.
  • Discard severely infested plants by securely bagging and putting in the trash.
  • Release commercially available beneficial insects to attack and destroy insect pests.
  • Spot treat pest problem areas with diatomaceous earthneem oil or other organic pesticide.

Foliage is susceptible to fungal diseases, such as powdery mildew and verticillium wilt, which can disfigure the leaves under severe infestations. To reduce these plant problems:

  • Avoid overhead watering whenever possible (use soaker hoses or drip irrigation)
  • Properly space plants to improve air circulation
  • Apply copper or sulfur sprays to prevent further infection

Seed Saving Instructions

Seeds are ready to harvest when the blooms begin to turn brown and dry. When the heads are completely dry, gently crush them between your hands and then carefully winnow away the chaff.

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