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Lucky Bamboo Care Guide: How to Grow and Care for it Indoors

Lucky Bamboo

Lucky bamboo (dracaena sanderiana) has been gaining popularity in recent years, not only for its ornamental value but also for its believed auspicious properties in Chinese culture.

According to feng shui principles, placing lucky bamboo anywhere will bring prosperity to that area. Another interesting fact about lucky bamboo is that it is not technically bamboo.

It is a type of Dracaena plant that grows naturally in Africa. The plant’s unique appearance and ability to grow in water make it an ideal choice for indoor gardening and decoration.

In addition to its symbolic meaning, lucky bamboo is also known for its air-purifying qualities. It is believed to absorb harmful pollutants from the air, making it an ideal plant for homes and offices.

If you are looking to add an exotic touch to your indoor garden or bring good luck to your household, lucky bamboo is an excellent choice. I not only have one in my office but also love gifting it to friends and family because it looks great in just about any place.

In this article, I will guide you through the essential aspects of planting, growing, and caring for your lucky bamboo, as well as propagation, potting, and common threats to watch out for.

I’ll also share some lucky bamboo care tips that I have learned over the years as a master gardener so that you can care for it easily at home.

Lucky Bamboo Plants

Photo Credit: Dreamstime.

Botanical Name: Dracaena sanderiana

Common Name: Lucky bamboo, friendship bamboo, ribbon plant

Family: Asparagaceae

Plant Type: Perennial shrub

Hardiness Zones: 10 – 11 (USDA) outdoors, but typically grown indoors

Sun Exposure: Partial shade

Soil Type: Moist, well-drained

Soil pH: Acidic

Height: 1 – 5 ft. tall

Bloom Time: Fall, winter (does not bloom indoors)

Flower Color: White

Native Area: Africa

Lucky Bamboo and Chinese Traditions

In Chinese culture, lucky bamboo is more than just a plant. It is a symbol of good fortune, prosperity, and resilience. It is believed that the plant’s ability to thrive in various conditions represents the ability to adapt and overcome challenges in life.

The popularity of lucky bamboo as a gift item has grown in recent years, especially during special occasions such as weddings, housewarming parties, and the Chinese New Year. It is not uncommon to see a beautiful arrangement of lucky bamboo on display in homes, offices, and public places across China and other parts of Asia.

The number of stalks in a lucky bamboo plant also holds great significance and there are different meanings associated according to the number.

For instance, two stalks represent love and harmony, making it an ideal gift for couples. Six stalks, on the other hand, represent good luck, wealth, and prosperity, making it a popular gift for business owners and entrepreneurs. Seven stalks represents good health and is great for gifting to anyone who’s into feng shui.

Interestingly, the number nine is considered to be the luckiest number in Chinese culture. Therefore, a lucky bamboo plant with nine stalks is believed to bring great luck and fortune to its owner. It is not uncommon to see a group of nine lucky bamboo plants arranged in a specific pattern to enhance their positive energy.

Lucky bamboo stalks are also called stems or canes. Whether you are looking to enhance your home decor or give a meaningful gift to a loved one, lucky bamboo is a great choice.

Dracaena Sanderiana

Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

Lucky Bamboo Care

Lucky bamboo is a popular indoor plant that is believed to bring good luck and positive energy to its surroundings. This plant is generally hardy and low-maintenance, making it an ideal choice for busy people who want to add some greenery to their homes or offices.

As we learned above, lucky bamboo is not only a beautiful and low-maintenance plant, but it is also considered a symbol of good luck and prosperity in many cultures.

Let’s look at some of the most important lucky bamboo care tips to keep in mind.


Lucky bamboo prefers moderate to low light conditions. However, it is essential to note that different varieties of lucky bamboo may have different light requirements. For example, variegated varieties may require more light than solid green ones.

If you notice that your plant is not growing or is turning yellow, it may be an indication that it is not receiving enough light. On the other hand, if the leaves are turning brown or scorched, it may be getting too much direct sunlight. But generally, they can handle too little light better than too much.

One way to ensure that your plant is getting enough light is to observe its growth patterns. Lucky bamboo typically grows towards the light source, so if you notice that it is leaning in one direction, it may be an indication that it needs to be rotated or placed in a different spot.

Lucky Bamboo Roots

Photo Credit: Shutterstock.


While lucky bamboo does not need soil to grow, some people prefer to grow it in soil for aesthetic reasons or to promote root growth. If you choose to grow your plant in soil, it is essential to use a well-draining mix that is rich in organic matter.

One way to ensure that the soil is well-draining is to add perlite or sand to the mix. This will help prevent water from pooling around the roots, which can lead to root rot or other fungal diseases.

Another important factor to consider when growing lucky bamboo in soil is the pot size. Make sure that the pot is not too big, as this can lead to overwatering and stagnant soil. A pot that is just slightly larger than the root ball is ideal.


The primary method of growing lucky bamboo is hydroponics, which involves growing the plant in water. If you choose to grow your plant in water, it is essential to change the water every two weeks or more frequently if it becomes cloudy or smelly.

When changing the water, make sure to rinse the roots thoroughly to remove any debris or algae that may have accumulated. You can also add a few drops of liquid fertilizer to the water to promote growth and keep the leaves lush and green.

If you prefer to grow your lucky bamboo in soil, make sure to water it thoroughly once a week or more frequently if the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch. Avoid getting water on the leaves or stem, as this can attract pests or cause fungal infections.

Lucky bamboo is extremely sensitive to chlorine and other chemicals found in tap water. And so, distilled or filtered water is preferable for them, especially if your tap water contains fluoride or chlorine.

Temperature and Humidity

Lucky bamboo prefers moderate to warm temperatures and high humidity. If you live in a dry climate or your home or office has low humidity, consider using a humidifier or misting the plant regularly with a spray bottle.

It is also important to avoid exposing the plant to cold drafts, as this can cause the leaves to turn yellow or brown. If you notice that your plant is not doing well, it may be an indication that it is not in an ideal temperature or humidity range.

Lucky Bamboo Plant

Photo Credit: Shutterstock.


Lucky bamboo is not a heavy feeder and can thrive on minimal or no fertilization. However, if you want to promote growth and keep the leaves lush and green, you can use a diluted liquid fertilizer every two months or so.

One important thing to note when fertilizing your lucky bamboo is to use a balanced formula that contains equal amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Avoid overfertilizing, as this can lead to burning or yellowing of the leaves.

How to Propagate Lucky Bamboo

Propagation of lucky bamboo is an exciting and rewarding experience that anyone can undertake. Not only is it a fun activity, but it is also a great way to expand your collection of indoor plants.

When propagating lucky bamboo, there are two main methods that you can use, stem cutting and division. Both methods are easy and straightforward, and you can choose the one that suits your preference.

Propagating Lucky Bamboo from Stem Cutting

Propagating lucky bamboo from stem cutting is a simple and effective method. To get started, you will need a healthy stem that has at least one node. The node is the joint where the leaves and roots emerge.

Using a sharp and clean pair of scissors, cut the stem just below the node at a 45-degree angle. Make sure that the cutting is at least 4-6 inches long.

Place the cutting in a vase or container filled with fresh water. Ensure that the node is submerged in the water, as this is where the roots will emerge. You can add some pebbles or marbles to the bottom of the vase to help stabilize the cutting. Place the vase in a bright and indirect light, away from direct sunlight.

Change the water every two weeks to prevent the growth of bacteria and algae. You can also add some liquid fertilizer to the water to promote the growth of the cutting. After a few weeks, you will notice the roots starting to develop.

Once the roots are at least one inch long, you can transplant the cutting into soil or other hydroponic medium.

Lucky Bamboo Propagation

Photo Credit: Dreamstime.

Propagating Lucky Bamboo from Division

Propagating lucky bamboo from division is another easy method that you can use. This method involves separating a mature plant into two or more sections, each with at least one stem and root system.

To get started, gently untangle the roots of a mature plant and separate it into two or more sections, making sure that each section has at least one stem and root system. You can use a clean and sharp knife or scissors to make the cuts. Be careful not to damage the roots or stems.

Transplant the divisions into individual vases or containers with fresh water or soil. Ensure that the roots are submerged in the water or soil, and place the vases in a bright and indirect light. Change the water every two weeks, and add some liquid fertilizer to promote the growth of the plants.

Potting and Repotting Lucky Bamboo

When potting lucky bamboo in soil, it is important to choose a pot that has drainage holes to prevent water from accumulating and causing root rot. Plus, well-draining potting mix should be used to ensure that excess water can easily drain away from the roots. When filling the pot with soil, be sure to leave some space at the top to prevent overflow when watering.

To transplant lucky bamboo from its existing container, gently remove the plant from the pot and tease the roots apart to promote growth. This will also help to prevent the roots from becoming too tightly bound, which can restrict growth. Once the roots have been separated, place the lucky bamboo in the new pot and pack the soil around the roots, ensuring that they are completely covered. Water the plant thoroughly and let it drain.

Repotting of lucky bamboo should be done sparingly, as the plant can become stressed if too much is disturbed at once. However, if you notice that the roots have become overcrowded or the soil is depleted of nutrients, it may be time to repot.

When repotting, follow the same steps as for potting, but ensure that you choose a slightly larger container than the previous one to allow for growth.

It is important to note that lucky bamboo should be kept away from direct sunlight, as it can cause the leaves to burn. Instead, it should be placed in bright, indirect light, such as near a window.

Plus, lucky bamboo should be watered regularly, but not overwatered, as this can lead to root rot. By following these simple tips, you can help your lucky bamboo thrive and bring good luck and fortune to your home.

Lucky Bamboo Plant

Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

Common Pests and Plant Diseases for Lucky Bamboo

Lucky bamboo is an incredibly easy houseplant but, like all living things, it may encounter some issues from time to time. Here are some common pests and plant diseases that you should be aware of:

Spider mites: These tiny insects are common pests that can infest many types of plants, including lucky bamboo. Spider mites may form cobweb-like nests on the leaves and feed on the sap, causing damage and discoloration. To control spider mites, it is best to catch them early and use a mild insecticidal soap solution or wipe the leaves with a damp cloth. You can also increase the humidity around the plant to discourage spider mites from settling in.

Fungal infections: Overwatering or overly humid conditions may cause fungal infections in lucky bamboo, such as root rot or leaf spot. These diseases can be difficult to treat once they take hold, so prevention is key. To prevent fungal infections, ensure that the plant is adequately drained and avoid spraying water directly on the leaves. You can also use a fungicide spray or solution to treat the plant if you notice any signs of infection.

Lucky Bamboo Yellowing Leaves

Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

Yellowing leaves: Yellowing or browning of the leaves is a common issue that may be caused by environmental stress. Lucky bamboo prefers moderate temperatures and indirect light, so exposure to cold drafts or direct sunlight can cause the leaves to turn yellow or brown. To prevent this, ensure that the plant is in a stable, moderate temperature and light environment, and adjust as necessary. You can also fertilize the plant with a balanced fertilizer to promote healthy growth and prevent nutrient deficiencies.

Aside from these issues, lucky bamboo is generally a hardy plant that can thrive in a variety of conditions. It is important to keep the plant clean and free from dust and debris, as this can attract pests and block the pores of the leaves. You can wipe the leaves with a damp cloth or spray them with a gentle mist of water to keep them clean and fresh.


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Common House Plants That Are Perfect for Every Home

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