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49 Best Evergreen Trees for Your Yard (with Pictures)

Evergreen trees in a forest

Evergreen trees are the living emblems of perpetual life, and they can transform your outdoor space into a lush, serene haven. In this article, we’ll explore the top 50 evergreen trees that can thrive in your yard, each one a unique and vibrant addition to your landscape. We’ll delve into their descriptions, characteristics, types, native locations, and the various ways they can be used to enhance your outdoor environment. So, if you’re ready to take your yard from ordinary to extraordinary, let’s dive into the evergreen world.

Evergreen trees are nature’s masterpieces. They retain their lush foliage year-round, serving as a symbol of vitality. The Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus), for instance, boasts soft, slender needles and can reach heights of 80 feet. In contrast, the Colorado Blue Spruce (Picea pungens) flaunts striking blue-green needles and a pyramid-like form. These trees come in various shapes and sizes, from the towering Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) to the modest Western Arborvitae (Thuja occidentalis).

Evergreens are as diverse as the landscapes they inhabit. The Western Red Cedar (Thuja plicata) thrives along the Pacific Coast, while the Serbian Spruce (Picea omorika) calls the Balkans home. For a taste of the Mediterranean, consider the Italian Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens) with its iconic tall, slender form. Japanese Cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) hails from the Land of the Rising Sun, and the American Arborvitae (Thuja occidentalis) is a native of North America.

Evergreen trees have an array of uses in landscaping. They make excellent privacy screens and windbreaks, providing shelter and tranquility. The aromatic Deodar Cedar (Cedrus deodara) is a prominent feature in many religious ceremonies in the Himalayan region, while the Fraser Fir (Abies fraseri) takes center stage during Christmas as the beloved Christmas tree. Additionally, evergreen trees are often employed for their timber, which is used in construction and woodworking.

Caring for evergreen trees involves providing adequate water, especially during dry spells, and ensuring proper drainage to prevent root rot. Regular pruning and shaping can help maintain their desired appearance and remove dead or diseased branches. Fertilizing in the spring with a balanced tree fertilizer can promote healthy growth.

Incorporating evergreen trees into your yard is like painting a masterpiece on nature’s canvas. Each of the 50 best evergreen trees brings its unique charm and allure. With their perpetual greenery and versatility, these trees breathe life and serenity into your outdoor space. Whether you desire a natural privacy screen, a fragrant cultural emblem, or a focal point for holiday celebrations, these evergreens are here to transform your yard into a vibrant, year-round oasis.

So, pick the perfect evergreen for your yard and let nature’s masterpiece flourish.

Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus)

Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus) trees against the blue sky

Eastern White Pine – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Pinus strobus
  • Mature Size: 50-80 feet tall and 20-40 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Green needles in bundles of five
  • Flower Color: Yellowish-green cones
  • Light: Full sun to partial shade
  • Soil Needs: Well-draining, moist soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 3-8
  • Deer Resistance: Moderate

Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus), a native of North America, is known for its long, soft needles and tall, straight trunk. This tree is valued for its timber and is a popular choice for windbreaks and screens in landscaping. It provides excellent shade and has a graceful appearance.

Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii)

Up angle view of Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) tree

Douglas Fir – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Pseudotsuga menziesii
  • Mature Size: 40-80 feet tall and 15-30 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Green needles with a sweet fragrance
  • Flower Color: Yellow to purple cones
  • Light: Full sun to partial shade
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained, acidic soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 4-6
  • Deer Resistance: High

Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) is a majestic evergreen known for its pyramid-shaped crown and attractive foliage. It’s often used as a Christmas tree and is a popular choice for timber due to its strong wood.

Norway Spruce (Picea abies)

Norway Spruce (Picea abies) tree with green leaves and brown cones

Norway Spruce – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Picea abies
  • Mature Size: 50-80 feet tall and 25-30 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Dark green needles
  • Flower Color: Reddish-brown cones
  • Light: Full sun
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained, loamy soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 3-7
  • Deer Resistance: Low

Norway Spruce (Picea abies) is a European native tree appreciated for its rapid growth, dense branches, and traditional use as a Christmas tree. It’s a great choice for windbreaks and screens.

Colorado Blue Spruce (Picea pungens)

Colorado Blue Spruce (Picea pungens) tree with cones against a cloudy sky

Colorado Blue Spruce – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Picea pungens
  • Mature Size: 30-65 feet tall and 10-20 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Silvery-blue to blue-green needles
  • Flower Color: Cylindrical cones, typically reddish-brown
  • Light: Full sun
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 2-7
  • Deer Resistance: High

Colorado Blue Spruce, or the Blue Weeping Colorado Spruce (Picea pungens) is admired for its striking blue color and pyramid-like shape. It’s a beautiful ornamental tree often used as a focal point in landscaping.

Southern Magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora)

Southern Magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora) with white flowers and green leaves

Southern Magnolia – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Magnolia grandiflora
  • Mature Size: 60-80 feet tall and 30-40 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Late spring to summer
  • Leaf Color: Glossy, dark green leaves with brown undersides
  • Flower Color: Large, fragrant white flowers
  • Light: Full sun to partial shade
  • Soil Needs: Moist, well-drained soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 6-10
  • Deer Resistance: Low

Southern Magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora) is renowned for its large, showy flowers and evergreen foliage. It’s a symbol of the southern United States and adds a touch of elegance to any landscape.

Leyland Cypress (× Cuprocyparis leylandii)

Rows of Leyland Cypress (× Cuprocyparis leylandii) with green foliage

Leyland Cypress – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: × Cuprocyparis leylandii
  • Mature Size: 60-70 feet tall and 10-15 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Non-flowering
  • Leaf Color: Dark green, scale-like foliage
  • Light: Full sun to partial shade
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 6-10
  • Deer Resistance: Low

The Leyland Cypress (× Cuprocyparis leylandii) is a popular choice for privacy screens and hedges due to its fast growth and dense foliage. It’s a hybrid between two cypress species.

White Spruce (Picea glauca)

Rows of White Spruce (Picea glauca) with green foliage

White Spruce – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Picea glauca
  • Mature Size: 40-60 feet tall and 10-20 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Green to blue-green needles
  • Flower Color: Light brown cones
  • Light: Full sun to partial shade
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained, moist soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 2-6
  • Deer Resistance: Moderate

White Spruce (Picea glauca), also known as Canadian Spruce or Black Hills Spruce, is a cold-hardy conifer native to North America. Its dense, blue-green foliage and conical shape make it a popular choice for ornamental planting and windbreaks. It’s a valuable timber species and provides habitat for wildlife. Proper care includes regular watering, especially during dry periods, to maintain its health and vitality in your landscape.

Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris)

Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris) tree with green leaves under the blue sky

Scots Pine – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Pinus sylvestris
  • Mature Size: 50-70 feet tall and 20-40 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Green needles
  • Flower Color: Yellow-brown cones
  • Light: Full sun
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 2-7
  • Deer Resistance: Moderate

Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris) is a native of Europe and Asia and is recognized by its tall, straight trunk and orange-brown bark. It’s used in timber production and is an important tree in reforestation efforts.

Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa)

Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa) trees in a woodland vegetation under the blue sky

Ponderosa Pine – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Pinus ponderosa
  • Mature Size: 60-100 feet tall and 20-30 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Green needles
  • Flower Color: Large, brown cones
  • Light: Full sun
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 3-7
  • Deer Resistance: Moderate

Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa) is a characteristic tree of the western United States known for its towering presence and valuable wood used in construction and furniture.

Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana)

Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana) with green foliage and blue berries

Eastern Red Cedar – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Juniperus virginiana
  • Mature Size: 30-40 feet tall and 8-20 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Blue-green to green scale-like leaves
  • Light: Full sun to partial shade
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 2-9
  • Deer Resistance: High

Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana) is a versatile tree often used for windbreaks and erosion control. It produces aromatic blue to purple berries and is a valuable wildlife habitat.

Western Red Cedar(Thuja plicata)

Rows of Western Red Cedar (Thuja plicata) with green foliage in a park

Western Red Cedar – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Thuja plicata
  • Mature Size: 50-70 feet tall and 15-25 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Green scale-like leaves
  • Light: Full sun to partial shade
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained, moist soil
  • USDA HardinessZones: 5-8
  • Deer Resistance: Moderate

Western Red Cedar (Thuja plicata) is a Pacific Northwest native known for its rot-resistant wood, making it a popular choice for outdoor structures and shingles. It has a pleasant, cedar-like fragrance.

Sitka Spruce (Picea sitchensis)

Sitka Spruce (Picea sitchensis) with green foliage under the blue sky

Sitka Spruce – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Picea sitchensis
  • Mature Size: 100-200 feet tall and 20-30 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Blue-green to green needles
  • Flower Color: Reddish-brown cones
  • Light: Full sun to partial shade
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained, moist soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 7-8
  • Deer Resistance: Low

Sitka Spruce (Picea sitchensis), native to the Pacific Northwest, is a towering conifer with a rich history in the timber industry. It’s also prized for its use in making musical instruments.

Italian Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens)

Rows of Italian Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens) with green foliage in a park

Italian Cypress – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Cupressus sempervirens
  • Mature Size: 40-60 feet tall and 3-6 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Non-flowering
  • Leaf Color: Dark green, scale-like foliage
  • Light: Full sun
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained, fertile soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 7-10
  • Deer Resistance: High

Italian Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens) is famous for its slender, columnar shape and Mediterranean elegance. It’s often used in formal gardens and along driveways to create a dramatic visual impact.

Western Hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla)

Western Hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla) with brown cones and green foliage

Western Hemlock – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Tsuga heterophylla
  • Mature Size: 100-200 feet tall and 20-30 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Yellow-green needles with white bands beneath
  • Flower Color: Small, red-brown cones
  • Light: Full sun to partial shade
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained, moist soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 6-8
  • Deer Resistance: Moderate

Western Hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla) is a giant of the Pacific Northwest forests, known for its graceful, pendulous branches and soft needles. It’s important in the timber industry and provides habitat for wildlife.

Loblolly Pine (Pinus taeda)

Up angle view of Loblolly Pine (Pinus taeda) trees

Loblolly Pine – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Pinus taeda
  • Mature Size: 60-100 feet tall and 25-35 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Green needles
  • Flower Color: Reddish-brown cones
  • Light: Full sun
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained, acidic soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 6-9
  • Deer Resistance: Low

Loblolly Pine (Pinus taeda), a native to the southeastern United States, is a fast-growing tree with straight trunks. It’s a valuable timber species and is commonly used in the paper industry.

Eastern Hemlock (Tsuga canadensis)

Green leaves of Eastern Hemlock (Tsuga canadensis)

Eastern Hemlock – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Tsuga canadensis
  • Mature Size: 40-70 feet tall and 25-40 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Dark green needles
  • Flower Color: Small, brown cones
  • Light: Full to partial shade
  • Soil Needs: Moist, well-drained, acidic soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 3-7
  • Deer Resistance: High

Eastern Hemlock (Tsuga canadensis), native to eastern North America, is characterized by its graceful, drooping branches and dense foliage. It’s important in the ecosystem and provides habitat for various wildlife.

Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea)

Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea) with green leaves on a forest

Balsam Fir – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Abies balsamea
  • Mature Size: 40-90 feet tall and 20-30 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Dark green needles with silvery undersides
  • Flower Color: Small, purple cones
  • Light: Full sun to partial shade
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained, moist soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 3-6
  • Deer Resistance: Low

The Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea) is a beautiful evergreen tree known for its fragrant needles. It’s often used as a Christmas tree and provides shelter and forage for wildlife.

Incense Cedar (Calocedrus decurrens)

Incense Cedar (Calocedrus decurrens) branch with green leaves

Incense Cedar – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Calocedrus decurrens
  • Mature Size: 30-70 feet tall and 8-20 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Dark green, scale-like foliage
  • Light: Full sun
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained, loamy soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 5-8
  • Deer Resistance: Low

Incense Cedar (Calocedrus decurrens) is a native of the western United States and stands out with its aromatic foliage. It’s used in landscaping for its attractive appearance and wood quality.

Tamarack (Larix laricina)

Tamarack (Larix laricina) with green foliage and autumn foliage

Tamarack – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Larix laricina
  • Mature Size: 40-70 feet tall and 20-40 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Soft, green needles that turn yellow in fall
  • Flower Color: Reddish-brown cones
  • Light: Full sun to partial shade
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained, acidic soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 2-6
  • Deer Resistance: High

Tamarack (Larix laricina), also known as the American Larch, is unique among North American conifers for its deciduous nature. It turns a brilliant yellow in the fall before shedding its needles.

Western White Pine (Pinus monticola)

Closeup on the cone and foliage of Western White Pine (Pinus monticola)

Western White Pine – Photo Credit: Dreamstime.

  • Botanical Name: Pinus monticola
  • Mature Size: 50-100 feet tall and 20-40 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Green needles
  • Flower Color: Light brown cones
  • Light: Full sun to partial shade
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained, loamy soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 5-8
  • Deer Resistance: Low

Western White Pine (Pinus monticola), native to western North America, is celebrated for its tall, straight trunk and soft, flexible wood, making it valuable in construction and furniture making.

Japanese Cedar (Cryptomeria japonica)

Japanese Cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) with green foliage and brown cones

Japanese Cedar – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Cryptomeria japonica
  • Mature Size: 50-70 feet tall and 20-30 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Green, needle-like leaves
  • Light: Full sun to partial shade
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 5-9
  • Deer Resistance: Low

Japanese Cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) is a graceful conifer native to Japan. It’s known for its reddish-brown bark and finely textured foliage. It’s a popular ornamental tree in Japan and is used for timber and paper production.

Western Juniper (Juniperus occidentalis)

Western Juniper (Juniperus occidentalis) tree in a field

Western Juniper – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Juniperus occidentalis
  • Mature Size: 20-40 feet tall and 10-20 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Blue-green to green scale-like leaves
  • Light: Full sun
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 3-9
  • Deer Resistance: High

Western Juniper (Juniperus occidentalis) is a drought-tolerant evergreen with rugged, twisted trunks. It’s a vital component of the western U.S. landscape and provides cover and food for wildlife.

Black Spruce (Picea mariana)

Black Spruce (Picea mariana) reddish-brown cones and green foliage

Black Spruce – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Picea mariana
  • Mature Size: 20-50 feet tall and 5-15 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Green needles
  • Flower Color: Reddish-brown cones
  • Light: Full sun to partial shade
  • Soil Needs: Moist, acidic soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 2-6
  • Deer Resistance: Low

Black Spruce (Picea mariana), a northern North American native, is a cold-tolerant evergreen that thrives in wet, acidic soils. It plays a significant role in northern forest ecosystems.

Serbian Spruce (Picea omorika)

Serbian Spruce (Picea omorika) with purple cones and green foliage

Serbian Spruce – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Picea omorika
  • Mature Size: 50-90 feet tall and 20-30 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Green needles with silvery undersides
  • Flower Color: Purple cones
  • Light: Full sun to partial shade
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained, moist soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 4-7
  • Deer Resistance: Moderate

Serbian Spruce (Picea omorika), native to Serbia, is recognized for its elegant, pendulous branches and slender form. It’s a valuable ornamental tree in landscaping.

Arizona Cypress (Cupressus arizonica)

Arizona Cypress (Cupressus arizonica) trees in a park

Arizona Cypress – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Cupressus arizonica
  • Mature Size: 40-60 feet tall and 15-25 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Non-flowering
  • Leaf Color: Blue-green to gray-green foliage
  • Light: Full sun
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained, dry soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 7-9
  • Deer Resistance: High

Arizona Cypress (Cupressus arizonica) is well-suited for arid climates and is known for its blue-green to gray-green foliage. It’s a valuable tree for windbreaks and xeriscaping.

Cedar of Lebanon (Cedrus libani)

Cedar of Lebanon (Cedrus libani) tree with green leaves in a park

Cedar of Lebanon – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Cedrus libani
  • Mature Size: 40-70 feet tall and 30-40 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Non-flowering
  • Leaf Color: Green needles
  • Light: Full sun
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 5-9
  • Deer Resistance: High

The Cedar of Lebanon (Cedrus libani) is a symbol of the Middle East and is cherished for its stately appearance and aromatic wood. It’s used in religious and cultural ceremonies.

Bald Cypress (Taxodium distichum)

Bald Cypress (Taxodium distichum) with yellow green foliage and green cones

Bald Cypress – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Taxodium distichum
  • Mature Size: 50-70 feet tall and 20-30 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Feathery, deciduous green needles
  • Light: Full sun to partial shade
  • Soil Needs: Moist to wet soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 4-10
  • Deer Resistance: Low

The Bald Cypress (Taxodium distichum) is a distinctive tree with buttressed trunks that thrives in wetlands. It’s known for its adaptability to waterlogged soils and striking fall foliage.

Chinese Juniper (Juniperus chinensis)

Chinese Juniper (Juniperus chinensis) green foliage

Chinese Juniper – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Juniperus chinensis
  • Mature Size: 3-50 feet tall, depending on the variety
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Green to blue-green scale-like leaves
  • Light: Full sun
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 3-9
  • Deer Resistance: Moderate

Chinese Juniper (Juniperus chinensis) encompasses various cultivars with diverse shapes and sizes. They are popular ornamental shrubs or small trees in landscaping due to their versatility.

Himalayan Cedar (Cedrus deodara)

Himalayan Cedar (Cedrus deodara) with green foliage on a green lawn

Himalayan Cedar – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Cedrus deodara
  • Mature Size: 40-70 feet tall and 20-40 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Bluish-green needles
  • Light: Full sun to partial shade
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained, fertile soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 7-9
  • Deer Resistance: High

Himalayan Cedar (Cedrus deodara), native to the Himalayas, is known for its graceful, drooping branches and fragrant wood. It’s a prized ornamental tree in landscaping.

Blue Atlas Cedar (Cedrus atlantica)

Up angle view of Blue Atlas Cedar (Cedrus atlantica) with green leaves

Blue Atlas Cedar – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Cedrus atlantica
  • Mature Size: 40-60 feet tall and 20-30 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Blue-green to silver-blue needles
  • Light: Full sun
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained, sandy soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 6-9
  • Deer Resistance: High

Blue Atlas Cedar (Cedrus atlantica) is admired for its striking blue color and pyramid-like shape. It’s a valuable ornamental tree in landscaping.

Giant Sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum)

Up angle view of Giant Sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) trees under the blue sky

Giant Sequoia – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Sequoiadendron giganteum
  • Mature Size: 100-275 feet tall and 20-40 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Dark green, scale-like leaves
  • Light: Full sun
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained, fertile soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 6-8
  • Deer Resistance: Low

Giant Sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum), native to California, is the largest tree on Earth and is known for its enormous size and long lifespan.

Coast Redwood(Sequoia sempervirens)

Coast Redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) evergreen tree branches with green leaves and brown cones

Coast Redwood – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Sequoia sempervirens
  • Mature Size: 200-375 feet tall and 10-25 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Dark green, feathery leaves
  • Light: Full sun to partial shade
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained, moist soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 7-9
  • Deer Resistance: Low

Coast Redwood (Sequoia sempervirens), native to the California coast, is the world’s tallest tree. It’s prized for its size and the exceptional beauty it brings to landscapes.

Yew (Taxus baccata)

Yew (Taxus baccata) with green leaves and red berries

Yew – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Taxus baccata
  • Mature Size: 20-40 feet tall and 10-20 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Dark green needles
  • Light: Full sun to full shade
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 6-7
  • Deer Resistance: High

Yew (Taxus baccata) is an evergreen conifer with deep green foliage, and it’s commonly used in hedges and topiaries. Its red berries are attractive but toxic.

Japanese Black Pine (Pinus thunbergii)

Japanese Black Pine (Pinus thunbergii) trees in a garden

Japanese Black Pine – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Pinus thunbergii
  • Mature Size: 20-60 feet tall and 20-40 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Dark green needles
  • Light: Full sun
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained, sandy soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 5-9
  • Deer Resistance: Moderate

Japanese Black Pine (Pinus thunbergii) is a tough, salt-tolerant evergreen with a distinctive shape and long, dark green needles. It’s a popular choice for coastal landscapes.

Mexican White Pine (Pinus ayacahuite)

Closeup on the brown cones and green foliage of Mexican White Pine (Pinus ayacahuite)

Mexican White Pine – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Pinus ayacahuite
  • Mature Size: 50-100 feet tall and 20-40 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Green needles
  • Light: Full sun to partial shade
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 7-9
  • Deer Resistance: Low

Mexican White Pine (Pinus ayacahuite) is a stately tree native to Mexico, known for its graceful form and long, slender cones. It’s appreciated for its timber and ornamental value.

Deodar Cedar (Cedrus deodara)

Deodar Cedar (Cedrus deodara) green leaves

Deodar Cedar – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Cedrus deodara
  • Mature Size: 40-70 feet tall and 20-40 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Bluish-green needles
  • Light: Full sun to partial shade
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained, fertile soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 7-9
  • Deer Resistance: High

Deodar Cedar (Cedrus deodara), native to the Himalayas, is celebrated for its graceful, drooping branches and fragrant wood. It’s a prized ornamental tree in landscaping.

Sugi (Cryptomeria japonica)

Sugi (Cryptomeria japonica) with young female and male cones and green foliage

Sugi – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Cryptomeria japonica
  • Mature Size: 50-70 feet tall and 20-30 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Green, needle-like leaves
  • Light: Full sun to partial shade
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 5-9
  • Deer Resistance: Low

Sugi (Cryptomeria japonica), also known as Japanese Cedar, is an elegant evergreen native to Japan. It’s famous for its reddish-brown bark and finely textured foliage.

Noble Fir (Abies procera)

Noble Fir (Abies procera) with red cones and green foliage

Noble Fir – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Abies procera
  • Mature Size: 60-100 feet tall and 20-40 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Green needles
  • Flower Color: Purple cones
  • Light: Full sun to partial shade
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained, moist soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 5-7
  • Deer Resistance: Moderate

Noble Fir (Abies procera), native to the western United States, is prized for its attractive foliage and is often used as a Christmas tree. It’s a valuable timber species.

Fraser Fir (Abies fraseri)

Fraser Fir (Abies fraseri) green cones

Fraser Fir – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Abies fraseri
  • Mature Size: 30-50 feet tall and 20-25 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Dark green needles
  • Flower Color: Purple cones
  • Light: Full sun to partial shade
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained, acidic soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 3-7
  • Deer Resistance: Low

Fraser Fir (Abies fraseri) is a favorite for Christmas trees due to its symmetrical shape and fragrant needles. It’s native to the Appalachian Mountains.

Monterey Cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa)

Monterey Cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa) green leaves

Monterey Cypress – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Cupressus macrocarpa
  • Mature Size: 40-70 feet tall and 10-20 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Non-flowering
  • Leaf Color: Dark green, scale-like foliage
  • Light: Full sun
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained, sandy soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 7-10
  • Deer Resistance: High

Monterey Cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa) is a coastal evergreen with a distinctive shape and is commonly used in coastal landscaping due to its tolerance to salt spray and winds.

Bald cypress (Taxodium distichum)

Bald cypress (Taxodium distichum) with green cones and green foliage

Bald Cypress – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Taxodium distichum
  • Mature Size: 50-70 feet tall and 20-30 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Feathery, deciduous green needles
  • Light: Full sun to partial shade
  • Soil Needs: Moist to wet soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 4-10
  • Deer Resistance: Low

Bald cypress (Taxodium distichum) is a distinctive tree with buttressed trunks that thrives in wetlands. It’s known for its adaptability to waterlogged soils and striking fall foliage.

Western Arborvitae (Thuja occidentalis)

Western Arborvitae (Thuja occidentalis) green foliage

Western Arborvitae – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Thuja occidentalis
  • Mature Size: 30-60 feet tall and 5-15 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Non-flowering
  • Leaf Color: Green, scale-like leaves
  • Light: Full sun to partial sun
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 2-7
  • Deer Resistance: Moderate

Western Arborvitae (Thuja occidentalis), also known as Northern White Cedar, is valued for its dense, evergreen foliage. It’s often used in hedges and windbreaks.

Korean Fir (Abies koreana)

Korean Fir (Abies koreana) purple cones and green leaves

Korean Fir – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Abies koreana
  • Mature Size: 30-50 feet tall and 15-20 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Dark green needles with silver undersides
  • Flower Color: Purple cones
  • Light: Full sun to partial shade
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained, moist soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 5-7
  • Deer Resistance: Low

Korean Fir (Abies koreana) is a delightful evergreen known for its vibrant purple cones and striking foliage. It’s a valuable ornamental tree in landscaping.

Yellowwood (Podocarpus spp.)

Yellowwood (Podocarpus spp.) tree with green leaves

Yellowwood – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Podocarpus spp.
  • Mature Size: Varies by species
  • Bloom Time: Spring to summer
  • Leaf Color: Dark green to blue-green, often with a leathery texture
  • Flower Color: White to greenish, inconspicuous
  • Light: Full sun to partial shade, depending on the species
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: Varies by species
  • Deer Resistance: Varies by species

Yellowwood (Podocarpus spp.) encompasses various species, and their features can differ. They are appreciated for their unique foliage and are often used in ornamental landscaping.

Common Juniper (Juniperus communis)

Common Juniper (Juniperus communis) tree with green leaves and bluish black berries

Common Juniper – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Juniperus communis
  • Mature Size: 3-10 feet tall
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Green to blue-green scale-like leaves
  • Light: Full sun
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 2-7
  • Deer Resistance: High

Common Juniper (Juniperus communis) is a small, hardy evergreen with distinctive blue-green foliage. It’s often used in rock gardens and as ground cover.

Eastern Juniper (Juniperus virginiana)

Eastern Juniper (Juniperus virginiana) with green foliage and blue berries

Eastern Juniper – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Juniperus virginiana
  • Mature Size: 15-40 feet tall
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Green to blue-green scale-like leaves
  • Light: Full sun
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 2-9
  • Deer Resistance: High

Eastern Juniper (Juniperus virginiana) is a versatile native evergreen known for its aromatic wood. It’s used in various landscaping applications and provides habitat for wildlife.

Torreya (Torreya spp.)

Torreya (Torreya spp.) green berries

Torreya – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Torreya spp. 
  • Mature Size: Varies by species
  • Bloom Time: Varies by species
  • Leaf Color: Green to blue-green, needle-like leaves
  • Light: Full sun to partial shade, depending on the species
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: Varies by species
  • Deer Resistance: Varies by species

Torreya (Torreya spp.) consists of multiple species, each with its own unique characteristics. They are often grown for their attractive foliage and are important in conservation efforts.

Whitebark Pine (Pinus albicaulis)

Whitebark Pine (Pinus albicaulis) with green leaves on a meadow during a cloudy day

Whitebark Pine – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Pinus albicaulis
  • Mature Size: 20-50 feet tall and 20-30 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Green needles
  • Flower Color: Small, purple cones
  • Light: Full sun to partial shade
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained, rocky soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 4-7
  • Deer Resistance: High

Whitebark Pine (Pinus albicaulis) is a high-altitude conifer found in the western United States and Canada. It’s known for its rugged appearance and the importance of its seeds for wildlife.

Engelmann Spruce (Picea engelmannii)

Engelmann Spruce (Picea engelmannii) brown cones and green foliage

Engelmann Spruce – Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

  • Botanical Name: Picea engelmannii
  • Mature Size: 40-100 feet tall and 10-20 feet wide
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Leaf Color: Blue-green to green needles
  • Flower Color: Reddish-brown cones
  • Light: Full sun to partial shade
  • Soil Needs: Well-drained, moist soil
  • USDA Hardiness Zones: 2-6
  • Deer Resistance: Low

Engelmann Spruce (Picea engelmannii) is a conifer found in high-altitude mountain ranges of North America. It’s valued for its strong wood and role in mountain ecosystems.

These diverse evergreen trees each bring their unique features and characteristics to landscapes, ranging from distinctive foliage to valuable wood resources. Proper care, including regular watering and maintenance, ensures their health and longevity in your outdoor spaces.

 

Other Tree Guides from Planet Natural:

60 Popular Types of Small Trees for Your Landscape

43 Types of Christmas Trees: A Visual Guide to 43 Festive Varieties