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Everything You Need to Know About Camel Spiders (Solifugids)

Focus shot of a camel spider

The camel spider, also known as the wind scorpion, is an intriguing creature that has captured the attention of many.

Despite its name, it is neither a true spider nor a scorpion, but belongs to the Arachnida class, just like spiders, scorpions, and ticks. This creature is often misunderstood due to its fearsome appearance and the myths surrounding it.

Native to desert environments, the Camel Spider is found in the Middle East, and in the southwestern United States. They are known for their speed, capable of reaching up to ten miles per hour. This speed, combined with their large, jaw-like pedipalps, makes them formidable predators in their habitat.

In fact, these hardy desert dwellers use their powerful jaws, which can be up to one-third of their body length, to size their victims and then turn them into pulp with a chopping or sawing motion.

However, despite their fearsome reputation, Camel Spiders are not dangerous to humans. They do not possess venom and their bite, while painful, is not lethal. Their primary diet consists of insects, small rodents, and occasionally small birds.

Understanding these creatures can help dispel the fear and misconceptions associated with them. Read on to learn everything you need to know about camel spiders.

What Are Camel Spiders?

Camel Spiders, also known as wind scorpion, wind spider, or sun spider, is a fascinating yet misunderstood creatures.

Contrary to common belief, they are not really spiders or scorpions but belong to the Solifugae order in the Arachnida class. These arachnids are generally found in desert regions around the globe, including the Middle East and southwestern U.S.

Camel spider in rocks and sand

Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

Camel spiders are known for their large size, often reaching up to six inches in length. Their size, coupled with their hairy appearance and large jaws, often causes fear among people. However, these creatures are not venomous and pose little threat to humans.

They are named ‘camel spiders’ due to a myth that they can leap onto camels and burrow into their stomachs. In reality, they are non-aggressive towards larger animals and humans unless provoked. They are nocturnal creatures, preferring to hunt insects and small animals at night.

Camel spiders are indeed interesting creatures that are often misunderstood due to their intimidating appearance. However, they play an essential role in maintaining the ecosystem by controlling the population of other pests.

Common Myths And Rumors Surrounding Camel Spiders

Camel spiders, often a topic of myths and rumors, are misunderstood creatures. One common myth is that these spiders are deadly venomous, a rumor that sparks fear in many hearts.

In truth, camel spiders are not venomous at all. They do have powerful jaws that can inflict a painful bite, but they pose no venomous threat to humans. However, it’s worth noting that they do use digestive fluids to liquefy their victims’ flesh, which then makes it easy to suck the remains into their stomachs.

Camel spider in hand

Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

Another widespread rumor is their alleged enormous size. While they are larger than many other spiders, they are not as gigantic as some stories suggest. Typically, a camel spider grows up to six inches, including their legs.

There’s also a myth that camel spiders can run at speeds matching a running human. This is an overstatement. They are swift for a spider, and their top speed is estimated at about ten miles per hour, but not near human running speed.

Plus, despite their name, camel spiders do not live on or attack camels. The name is derived from their common habitat in desert regions, often where camels are found.

Camel Spider Appearance And Behavior

As mentioned earlier, camel spiders, contrary to common belief, are not true spiders. They belong to the Arachnid class but are part of the Solifugae order.

These creatures are unique in their appearance, often causing a stir due to their large size, which can reach up to six inches in length. Their body color varies from beige to brown, allowing them to blend seamlessly into their desert surroundings.

They’re easily recognizable by their oversized jaws, known as chelicerae, which they use to capture their prey. They have eight legs, like spiders, but an additional pair of appendages, called pedipalps, which they use for sensation and to manipulate their prey.

Magnified view of the jaws of camel spider

Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

Behaviorally, camel spiders are nocturnal creatures, preferring to hunt during the cooler night hours. They are not venomous, but their bite can be painful.

Camel spiders primarily feed on small insects, other spiders, and sometimes even small lizards and rodents.

They use their strong jaws to crush their prey before consuming it. Plus, they are known to chase their food relentlessly, demonstrating their predatory nature. Their diet also includes termites and beetles.

Interestingly, camel spiders are not true spiders – they belong to the order Solifugae, which means “those who flee from the sun.”

Despite their intimidating appearance, these creatures are not aggressive towards humans unless provoked. They are solitary creatures, not forming colonies like some other arachnids.

Their speed and agility, combined with their impressive hunting skills, make them fascinating subjects of study for entomologists.

Lifecycle Of A Camel Spider

Camel spiders are fascinating creatures. Their lifecycle begins as an egg, laid in a secure, moist environment. After a few weeks, a tiny, almost transparent spiderling emerges. During this stage, the spiderling is vulnerable and spends most of its time hiding and feeding on small insects for survival.

Juvenile camel spider in arm

Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

As it grows, the camel spider will molt multiple times, shedding its exoskeleton to allow for growth. This process is repeated until it reaches adulthood. Adult camel spiders are solitary creatures, coming together only for mating.

After mating, the female lays her eggs and the cycle begins anew. The lifespan of a camel spider is relatively short, typically around one year.

Camel Spider Predators And Threats

Camel spiders are not at the top of the food chain. They face several predators and threats in their harsh desert environments.

Birds are primary predators of camel spiders. These feathered hunters swoop down and snatch them up in their beaks. Other predators include scorpions and larger spiders, which engage in deadly battles with camel spiders for territory and food.

Camel spider eating a cricket

Photo Credit: Shutterstock.

Besides these natural predators, human activities pose a significant threat to camel spiders. Urbanization and habitat destruction are reducing their natural habitats, pushing these creatures to the brink of survival.

Pesticides and chemicals used in farming and pest control also harm camel

Are Camel Spiders Dangerous To Humans?

Camel spiders, often the stuff of nightmares, are known for their large size and speed. But are these arachnids as dangerous as they appear?

The good news is, despite their fearsome reputation, camel spiders pose little threat to humans.

Camel spiders are not venomous, and while their bite can be painful due to their strong jaws, it’s not deadly to humans.

In fact, they’re more interested in insects and small rodents, which form their primary diet. They are not aggressive towards humans unless threatened or handled.

However, it’s important to note that a bite from a camel spider can cause skin irritation and, in rare cases, an allergic reaction. Therefore, it’s advisable to avoid handling them, and if you live in areas where they’re common, ensure your home is well sealed to prevent them from entering.


Other Spider Guides from Planet Natural:

How to Get Rid of Spiders: Inside and Outside the House

Hobo Spider: Identification, Habits, and Effective Control Methods

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Melissa Pino is a biologist, master gardener, and regular contributor for Planet Natural. Melissa's work focuses on promoting environmentally-friendly practices, helping people create healthy gardens and finding ways to achieve overall health and wellness.

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