Orchid: How to Grow and Care for Orchids (Complete Guide)

Orchids, members of the family Orchidaceae, are an incredibly diverse group of plants with captivating characteristics. Boasting over 20,000 unique species, orchids flaunt a myriad of colors, textures, and shapes.

Orchid Plant Care

The plants from the family Orchidaceae, commonly known as orchids, require a special blooming cycle that heavily depends on the proper growing medium and the care they receive.

Light

Orchids thrive best in bright, indirect light usually offered by east-facing windows. These delicate plants prefer the cooler, less intense sunlight of the morning to the strong afternoon beams.

Soil

Orchids have very particular soil requirements, different from most other home plants. Their roots need a growing medium that is fast-draining, but can also retain some moisture.

Water

Healthy orchids require a delicate balance of consistent humidity levels and adequate drainage. Firstly, water your orchids by filling the pot with water, ensure the growing medium is completely submerged.

Temperature and Humidity

Orchids exhibit comfort in various temperature zones based upon their specific variations, yet the majority thrive in intermediate temperatures (60-70 degrees Fahrenheit during the day).

Fertilizer

The fertilizer requirements of orchids are unique due to their diverse growth habits. Most orchids appreciate a well-balanced, fast-draining fertilizer that is applied to their growing medium.

Pruning

Pruning orchids is essential in their blooming cycle as it encourages the growth of a new flower spike. An important characteristic to note is that the best time to prune orchids is when the bloom is finished.

Types of Orchid

Corsage Orchid Cattleya, or the “Corsage Orchid”, is famous for large, aromatic blooms, and impressive leaves. These orchids need a growth medium that drains quickly; a mixture of fir bark and mosses is often recommended.

Boat Orchids

Boat Orchids or Cymbidiums, boast long, grass-like leaves and a tall flower spike that produces blooms that last for weeks. These types of orchids thrive in cooler conditions with good air movement and plenty of light.

Dancing Lady Orchid

The Dancing Lady Orchid, or Oncidium, is known for its distinctive dancing lady appearance which makes them popular ornamental orchids. Oncidiums like strong light but not direct sun, so east-facing windows suit them perfectly.

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