How to Plant, Grow & Care for Lemon Tree (Step-by-Step Guide)

The lemon tree (Citrus limon) is like the sunshine incarnate in the form of a plant. It is a small to medium-sized evergreen tree or shrub with glossy green leaves and fragrant white blossoms.

Lemon Tree Plant Care

Caring for a lemon tree involves understanding its needs and providing the right environment for optimal growth. First and foremost, selecting the appropriate location is crucial.


Lemon trees thrive in full sun, so they need ample sunlight to grow and produce healthy fruit. Ideally, they should receive at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight daily.


When cultivating a thriving lemon tree, understanding its soil requirements is paramount. With their vibrant green foliage and juicy fruits, lemon trees demand well-draining soil to prevent waterlogging.


These citrus trees thrive in well-draining soil, meaning excess water should be able to escape easily. Consistent watering is crucial when establishing a young lemon tree to help its root system develop.

Temperature and Humidity

Lemon trees thrive in warm climates and are sensitive to cold temperatures. Ideally, they should be planted in areas where the temperature does not drop below 50°F (10°C).


Typically, a well-balanced fertilizer formulated for citrus trees works wonders. Look for a fertilizer with a ratio like 10-10-10 or 14-14-14, indicating the percentage of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, respectively.


Pruning is crucial to lemon tree care, ensuring healthy growth, improved fruit production, and overall plant vigor. Regular pruning helps remove dead or diseased branches.


Overwintering your lemon tree is also crucial, especially in regions where frost and cold temperatures are expected during winter. Lemon trees are sensitive to frost.

Types of Lemon Tree

Various cultivated varieties of lemons are accessible for both culinary and ornamental purposes indoors and outdoors. Below, you’ll find descriptions of the popular varieties.

Eureka Lemon

Eureka lemon trees are among the most common and widely grown lemon varieties. They are semi-dwarf cultivars that produce medium-sized, oval-shaped fruits with a bright yellow color and a classic tart flavor.

Lisbon Lemon

Lisbon lemon trees are similar to Eureka lemons and are often considered its sister variety. These trees produce large, juicy lemons with a strong tart flavor.

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