How to Grow and Care for Century Plant (Agave americana)

It is a sterling example of the circle of life in the plant world, where every stem, leaf, or offshoot can mark the start of a new life. It fascinates me as a master gardener and in this article, I’ll share everything you need to know to care for it.

Century Plant Care

Agave americana, also famously called the American Century Plant, belongs to the Agavaceae family and is a popular succulent native from Mexico.


Centuries-old agaves like the Agave Americana, aptly known as the American Century Plant, have particular light requirements. It’s vital to provide these regal rosettes of the Agavaceae family with a daily dose of full sun.


Century plant appreciates well-draining soil. Good drainage is absolutely vital as these plants are susceptible to root rot if left in overly moist soils.


The plant’s rosettes store water, allowing them to withstand periods of drought. A full sun location with light shade and good air circulation is ideal for these plants.

Temperature and Humidity

They prefer hotter temperatures reminiscent of their native lands and can handle temperature variations between 50 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit with ease.


The American Century Plant is quite frugal when it comes to its nutritional needs and, hence, has minimal fertilizer requirements.


Pruning Agave americana is crucial for maintaining its overall health and aesthetic appeal. When the thick, succulent leaves of this maguey develop brown tips or become damaged by insects.


Century plants predominantly hail from the warm regions of Mexico, displaying a remarkable tolerance to full sun, as part of the agavaceae family.

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