Chrysanthemum Guide: How to Plant, Grow, and Care for Mums

As a master gardener, I’ve grown many mums over the years and have learned through experience how to care for them properly. I’ll share all my tips in this complete guide to planting, growing, and caring for chrysanthemums.

Chrysanthemum Plant Care

Chrysanthemums, or hardy mums, thrive in well-drained soil and full sun. Prepare in spring, control weeds for vibrant fall blooms. Deadhead for future growth, stop before frost. Monitor for pests for continued flourishing.

Light

Chrysanthemums thrive under full sun. Contrary to some cultivated species, these perennials crave abundant light to fully express their vibrant shades during the growing season.

Soil

Chrysanthemums thrive in well-drained soil. These cultivated species from East Asia perform best in organic rich soil which has a neutral to slightly acidic pH level.

Water

Chrysanthemums demand regular watering to develop their vibrant blooms. Proper hydration encourages the emergence of new shoots and healthy foliage, key indicators of a thriving plant.

Temperature and Humidity

Chrysanthemums bloom beautifully in the mild temperatures of fall, although they can survive in varying climates. They are perennials and require regulated temperatures for maximum growth.

Fertilizer

Chrysanthemums are heavy feeders and require regular fertilization throughout the growing season. Fertilizer should be applied once a week during early spring to foster the development of new shoots.

Types of Chrysanthemum

Garden Mums Belonging to the Asteraceae family, garden mums, commonly known as hardy mums, are enjoyed for their richly-colored and vibrant flower buds.

Florist’s Daisy

Florist's daisies, prominent members of the Chrysanthemum genus, are popular cut flowers in the floral industry, attracting bees and butterflies to support local pollinators in your garden.

Lavender Chrysanthemum

Among the cultivated species of chrysanthemums, Lavender varieties are particularly striking with their unique combination of purple hues and soft, spoon-like petals.

Edible Chrysanthemums

Contrary to what one might think, not all chrysanthemums are solely ornamentals. Some are edible plants and used extensively in East Asian cuisine.

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